Bergaptene FreeLatin Name: Citrus Bergamia
Part of plant used: Peel
Extraction method: Steam Distilled
Country of origin: Italy
Blends nicely with: Black Pepper, Clary Sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang
Therapeutic uses: Refreshes spirit, balances emotions, reduces anxiety, aids insomnia, cleans and refreshes a smoky room, antiviral, useful in bringing down a fever, insect repellent.
The Bergamot tree can grow up to four meters high, with star-shaped flowers, and smooth leaves, bearing citrus fruit resembling a cross between an orange and a grapefruit but in a pear-shape. The fruit ripens from green to yellow. The name Bergamot is derived from the city Bergamo in Lombardy where the oil was first sold. In this variety, the bergaptene content which causes photosensitivity has been removed. This allows the Bergamot to be used in skin and hair care formulations without concern for phototoxicity after exposure to the sun.